This Day in FAA History: July 10th

Full FAA Chronology at this link.
19450710: The Civil Aeronautics Board adopted a rule requiring a flight engineer on certain international flights. (See July 8, 1940 and February 15, 1946.)
19460710: The Civil Aeronautics Administration announced plans to establish nine new foreign offices during the next year. The locations selected included Paris, London, Cairo, Shanghai, Sidney, and Mexico City. CAA stations already existed at Lima, Rio de Janeiro, and Balboa (C.Z.).
19510710: Negotiations aimed at ending the Korean conflict began. Fighting continued, however, and hostilities were not formally ended until the signing of an armistice in Panmunjom on July 27, 1953.
19560710: CAA announced the establishment in the Boston area of a Military Integration Branch of the Technical Development Center. The new office was created to provide closer coordination with military development programs, such as the SAGE Air Defense System, at Lexington and Deer Island, Mass. (See April 10, 1953, and September 21, 1959.)
19590710: The Federal Aviation Agency, which had assumed the safety rulemaking functions of the Civil Aeronautics Board, announced an end to the three-year near miss reporting program that had granted immunity from prosecution to pilots reporting their own involvement in near-collisions (see February 23, 1956). The purpose of the program had been to compile data on the numbers and causes of such incidents. Believing that the program had outlived its usefulness, FAA Administrator Quesada directed that future reports of near misses be handled by FAA in accordance with the normal investigative procedures established for other safety violation reports. (See June 7, 1961.)
19620710: An amendment to the Federal Aviation Act regularized the role in U.S. air commerce of the supplemental carriers (see January 29, 1959) after a court decision made new legislation necessary. The new law authorized the Civil Aeronautics Board to issue to such carriers limited charter certificates and to grant temporary authority for individually ticketed service where required to meet special public needs for air transportation. Increased emphasis on the safety of supplementals was reflected in provisions of the law that mandated certain fitness requirements and permitted the Board to require these airlines to carry adequate insurance and to furnish performance bonds.
19790710: FAA reorganized the offices and services under the Associate Administrator for Aviation Standards (dee November 2, 1978)
*The Flight Standards Service was abolished.
*A new Office of Flight Operations was established and all functions affecting flight operations were lodged under it.
*A new Office of Airworthiness was established and all functions affecting airworthiness were lodged under it.
*The Civil Aviation Security Service was renamed the Office of Civil Aviation Security.
*A Safety Regulations Staff was established in the Office of the Associate Administrator and given all flight standards safety regulation functions.
19900710: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit upheld FAA’s random drug testing program for the aviation industry. (See November 21, 1988, and July 25, 1991).
19990710: FAA and an industry group conducted the first large-scale test of Automatic Dependent Surveillance — Broadcast (ADS-B), a technology designed to enhance safety by giving pilots and air traffic controllers more information about aircraft locations. Done in partnership with the Cargo Airline Association (CAA), the Wilmington, Ohio, tests evaluated how well ADS-B could help pilots be more aware of aircraft in their vicinity. Using an aircraft’s global positioning system (GPS) sensor, ADS-B equipment would send very accurate position information, along with speed and identification data, to other similarly equipped planes and ADS-B ground receiving stations. During the test, participating flight crews monitored aircraft in their area using a special cockpit display. Air traffic control facilities received combined radar and ADS-B target information for evaluation. Ground receiving stations in Wilmington and Louisville, Kentucky, provided coverage throughout the 500-square-mile test area. Approximately 25 planes participated. This ADS-B operational evaluation was the first in a series of tests planned for the next three years under the FAA’s Safe Flight-21 program. (See October 26-28, 2000.)
20030710: FAA commissioned Wide Area Augmentation System, technology designed to improve the accuracy, availability, and integrity of global positioning system (GPS) to provide a navigation and landing system that could deliver precision guidance to aircraft at thousands of airports and airstrips lacking precision landing capability. (See April 10, 2001; March 24, 2006.)
20050710: Following an unsuccessful three-year bargaining process, with two years of negotiations, FAA implemented its final contract proposal with National Air Traffic Controllers Association (NATCA) multi-unit employees. The contract covered about 1,900 employees from ten smaller union groups that included engineers, inspectors, accountants, nurses, administrative employees, and computer specialists. Unable to reach a voluntary agreement in 2004, the parties had called on the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS). When the FMCS could not remove the impasse, NATCA had sought relief from the Federal Service Impasse Panel. On January 9, 2004, the impasse panel had elected not to assert jurisdiction. FAA had forwarded the contract stalemate to Congress on January 30, 2004. Under the law, Congress had the power either to resolve the stalemate or, by default, allow the agency to implement its final proposal. (See January 30, 2004; July 18, 2007.)
20200710: FAA gave permission to passenger aircraft operators to remove passenger seats and transport cargo on the floor of the cabin in aircraft being deployed on cargo-only flights. The exemption to existing regulations governing aircraft operations would last for one year. FAA also extended until July 10, 2021, its prior ruling that airlines could fly with cargo strapped into the seats through the end of this year. (See May 20, 2020; July 9, 2021.)